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    2016年考研英语(二)阅读真题(MP3+字幕)第1篇 Teaching Coding to Teens

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    It's true that high-school coding classes aren't essential for learning computer science in college.

    诚然,高中的编程课对于大学学习计算机科学课程来说并不是必需的。
    Students without experience can catch up after a few introductory courses, said Tom Cortina, the assistant dean at Carnegie Mellon's School of Computer Science.
    卡耐基梅隆大学计算机科学学院副院长汤姆·科尔蒂纳这样说道,因为?#35789;?#26159;没有编程经验,学生也能在上过一些入门编程课程后赶上来。
    However, Cortina said, early exposure is beneficial.
    科尔蒂纳说,不过,较早地接触计算机科学是有益处的。
    When younger kids learn computer science, they learn that it's not just a confusing, endless string of letters and numbers — but a tool to build apps, or create artwork, or test hypotheses.
    当年轻的学生学习计算机科学的时候,他们就会知道计算机科学并不是令人困惑、无穷尽的字母和数字串——而是一种工具,这种工具能编写应用程序、创造艺术作品或检验假设。
    It's not as hard for them to transform their thought processes as it is for older students.
    相比于大一点的学生,这些学生在转变自己的思维过程方面的?#35759;?#23601;小得多。
    Breaking down problems into bite-sized chunks and using code to solve them becomes normal.
    把问题分解为多个小的问题,然后用代码解决这些小问题,这?#22336;?#24335;成了常态。
    Giving more children this training could increase the number of people interested in the field and help fill the jobs gap, Cortina said.
    给予更多孩子这样的训练会让更多的人对计算机这一领域?#34892;?#36259;,同时还有助于弥补这一职业缺口。
    Students also benefit from learning something about coding before they get to college, where introductory computer-science classes are packed to the brim, which can drive the less-experienced or-determined students away.
    学生在上大学之前,学习编程的一些知识也是有益处的,因为大学里的计算科学入门课一向爆满,这就可能会使那些对计算机缺乏经验或者是还在犹豫的学生?#29260;?#36825;个专业。
    The Flatiron School, where people pay to learn programming, started as one of the many coding bootcamps that's become popular for adults looking for a career change.
    熨斗学院是一所付费编程培训学校,它创建之前只是众多的编程训练营之一,如今这所学院很受那些考虑更换职业的?#35828;幕?#36814;。
    The high-schoolers get the same curriculum, but "we try to gear lessons toward things they're interested in," said Victoria Friedman, an instructor.
    编程讲师维多利亚·弗里德曼说道,高中生学的编程课程也是该校的那种,?#20843;?#20204;尽?#21487;?#32622;一些学生?#34892;?#36259;的课程。”
    For instance, one of the apps the students are developing suggests movies based on your mood.
    例如,学生们正在开发一个根据?#27809;?#24515;情推荐电影的应用。
    The students in the Flatiron class probably won't drop out of high school and build the next Facebook.
    熨斗编程培训班的学生可能不会高中辍学,然后创建出下一个“脸书”公?#23613;?/div>
    Programming languages have a quick turnover, so the "Ruby on Rails" language they learned may not even be relevant by the time they enter the job market.
    编程语言的更新很快,因?#35828;?#21040;他们进入劳动力市场时,他们所学的“Ruby on Rails”编程语言甚至与市场需求都不太相关。
    But the skills they learn — how to think logically through a problem and organize the results — apply to any coding language, said Deborah Seehorn, an education consultant for the state of North Carolina.
    北卡罗来纳州教育顾问黛博拉·希霍恩说道,如何运用逻辑思维思考问题和理清结果,这些他们学到的技能?#35270;?#20110;各种编程语言。
    Indeed, the Flatiron students might not go into IT at all.
    的确,熨斗学院的学生可能根本就不会进入IT行业。
    But creating a future army of coders is not the sole purpose of the classes.
    但培养一大批程序员并不是这些编程班的唯一目?#36749;?/div>
    These kids are going to be surrounded by computers — in their pockets, in their offices, in their homes — for the rest of their lives.
    在这些学生日后生活中,他们所处?#24149;?#22659;中处处都有计算机——他们的口袋里、办公室里?#22270;?#37324;。
    The younger they learn how computers think, how to coax the machine into producing what they want — the earlier they learn that they have the power to do that — the better.
    他们越早知道计算机的工作原理,越早让计算机为他们所用,越早掌?#29031;?#31181;技能,就越好。

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    adj. 相关的,切题的,中肯的

    联想记忆
    solve [sɔlv]

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    v. 解决,解答

     
    exposure [iks'pəuʒə]

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    n. 面临(困难),显露,暴露,揭露,曝光

     
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    n. 利益,津贴,保?#25112;穡?#20041;卖,义演
    vt.

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    code [kəud]

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    n. 码,密码,法规,准则
    vt. 把 ...

     
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    n. 课程,全部课程
    curricula(?#35789;?/p>

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