Western worries concern back-end equipment of the sort used to construct mobile-phone networks.
Huawei has quickly caught up with established firms in that market, such as Ericsson and Nokia,
particularly when it comes to the machines necessary to run fast "fifth-generation" (5G) networks.
deliberate security flaws inserted to allow the Chinese state to conduct espionage, or even to attack phone networks themselves.
America is waging a campaign against Huawei around the world.
In two recent speeches Mike Pence, America's vice-president, urged allies to shun the firm's gear.
He mentioned a Chinese law passed in 2017 that would require firms to co-operate with the country's intelligence services.
Australia has already banned Huawei's equipment. Japan has passed laws that seem designed to target the firm.
In December Canadian police arrested Meng Wanzhou, the daughter of Ren Zhengfei, Huawei's founder, at America's request.
She—and Huawei—are charged with evading American sanctions on Iran.
Support for America's tough stance is not universal. The most prominent exception is Britain,
which allows Huawei's kit but scrutinises it at a laboratory run by the National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC), part of GCHQ, Britain's electronic-spying agency.
On February 20th, speaking at a security conference in Brussels, Ciaran Martin, a member of GCHQ's board, gave the spooks' view.
GCHQ has probed Huawei's hardware and code for years.
It found no evidence of back doors but discovered that Huawei's code is a spaghettified mess full of holes and weak security.