• 手机APP下载

    您现在的位置: 首页 > 专业八级 > 专八听力 > 英语专八听力真题听写 > 正文

    2017年英语专业八级真题听力 Mini-lecture(1)

    来源:可可英语 编辑:Melody ?  VIP免费外教试听课 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet
     下载MP3到电脑  批量下载MP3和LRC到手机
    加载中..

    The Modes of Language

    语言的模式
    Good morning, everyone!
    大家早上好!
    In our last lecture, I was talking about language as part of our semiotic system.
    上次我们讲到,语言是符号系统的一部分。
    And today I am going to move on to another topic, that is, the modes of language.
    今天我们讲下一个话题,语言的模式。
    As you may know, messages are transmitted in human language most frequently through two primary modes: speech and writing.
    大家都知道,人类语言中的信息通常以两种基本模式传递:?#20843;怠?#21644;“写”。
    Well, you know, there is also a third mode, which is not that frequently used as speech and writing.
    当然,还有第三种模式,但不如?#20843;怠?#21644;“写”那么常用。
    The third mode is called signing, which is used by deaf people.
    第三种模式叫作手势语,听障者经常用这种方式。
    But in today's lecture, we will just focus on speech and writing, and the specific features of these two modes.
    但是今天,我们主要讲?#20843;怠?#21644;“写?#20445;?#20197;及这两种模式的特点。
    In linguistics, it is commonly noted that speech is primary and writing secondary.
    语言学上普遍认为,先?#23567;八怠保?#25165;?#23567;?#20889;”。
    Linguistics take this position because all languages are spoken except those dead languages such as Latin, which is only existent in written form.
    语言学有这样的观点,是因为世界上说什么语言的人都有,除?#22235;?#20123;已经废弃的语言,比如只以书面形式继续存在着的拉丁语。
    All children will naturally acquire the spoken version of a language if they are exposed to it.
    直接接触一种语言的话,所有儿童都会自然习得这种语言的口语。
    They acquire the spoken form of their mother tongue during the formative period of language acquisition.
    在语言习得的形成阶段,他们会自然习得母语的口语。
    However, to become literate, a child will need some kind of formal schooling in reading and writing.
    但是,到了学读书写字的时候,孩子们要去接受学校的正式读写教育。
    In many respects, we might call speech "primary" and writing "secondary".
    很多情况下,我们会认为先?#23567;八怠?#25165;?#23567;?#20889;”。
    It implies that writing has a second-class status when compared with speech.
    也就是说,跟?#20843;怠?#27604;起来,“写?#31508;?#31532;二位的。
    In fact, it is more accurate to view the two modes as having different but complementary roles.
    其实,比较恰当的看法是,这两种模式作用不同却互为补充。
    For instance, in most legal systems, while an oral contract is legally binding, a written contract is preferred.
    比如,在很多法律体系中,虽然口头?#32423;?#26159;有法律约束力的,但是人们?#25925;?#20542;向才用书面?#32423;ā?/div>
    The reason is simple—unlike speech, writing provides a permanent record of the contract.
    原因很简单。“写”下来的文件可以作为?#32423;?#30340;永久备?#31119;八怠?#30340;就不?#23567;?/div>
    Thus, if the terms of the contract are disputed, the written record of the contract can be consulted and interpreted.
    所以,如果?#32423;?#26465;款有争议,双方可以查阅书面?#32423;ǎ?#37325;新解读。
    Disputes over an oral contract will involve one person's recollection of the contract versus another person's.
    口头?#32423;?#22914;果有争议,双方会各自回忆?#32423;?#20869;容,才能对质。

    重点单词   查看全部解释    
    contract ['kɔntrækt,kən'trækt]

    想一想再看

    n. 合同,契约,婚约,合约
    v. 订合同,缩

    联想记忆
    mode [məud]

    想一想再看

    n. 方式,样式,模式,风格,时兴
    n.

     
    specific [spi'sifik]

    想一想再看

    adj. 特殊的,明确的,具有特效的
    n. 特

    联想记忆
    involve [in'vɔlv]

    想一想再看

    vt. 包含,使陷入,使忙于,使卷入,牵涉

    联想记忆
    acquisition [.ækwi'ziʃən]

    想一想再看

    n. 获得,所获之物

     
    linguistics [liŋ'gwistiks]

    想一想再看

    n. 语言学

    联想记忆
    permanent ['pə:mənənt]

    想一想再看

    adj. 永久的,持久的
    n. 烫发

    联想记忆
    legal ['li:gəl]

    想一想再看

    adj. 法律的,合法的,法定的

    联想记忆
    status ['steitəs]

    想一想再看

    n. 地位,身份,情形,状况

    联想记忆
    acquire [ə'kwaiə]

    想一想再看

    vt. 获得,取得,学到

    联想记忆
    ?

    新东方专业八级Tem8网络课程:试听更多Tem8网络课程>>

    发布评论我来说2句

      可可英语官方微信(微信号:ikekenet)

      每天向大家推送短小精悍的英语学习资料.

      添加方式1.扫描?#25103;?#21487;可官方微信二维码。
      添加方式2.搜索微信号ikekenet添加即可。
      山西11选5平台
    • 体彩七星彩的玩法介绍 全年特码诗 上海基诺开奖结果查询 双色球33红球出球规律 电子游戏的产生 湖北福30选5开奖结果 重庆快乐十分走势图50 彩c8·com 无需会员的挂机赚钱 北京赛车走势图皇家 mlb棒球服专卖店 北京pk拾送彩金送28 百度彩票大乐透历史记录 顶呱刮 快3今天推荐号码